Moore’s Level 3a, Declarative Knowledge


The third level in one established outcomes framework, Moore’s Level 3a emphasizes the need to measure the change in declarative knowledge that are associated with an educational intervention. Declarative knowledge is defined as knowing THAT something is the case (i.e., knowing that J is the tenth letter of the alphabet, knowing the most prevalent genetic mutations that drive NSCLC, etc.) and should be aligned with the learning objectives of the Activity.



A comparison of responses to a declarative multiple-choice question (MCQ) with a single, evidence-based correct answer; from a Pre-test to at least one Post- test.



Moore et al. JCEHP, 29(1):1–15, 2009.

National Board of Medical Examiners Constructing Written Test Questions for the Basic and Clinical Sciences, 2018.



[PENDING: We are continuing to collect examples…if you have examples that you’d like us to leverage, please share them!]


Additional Contextual Information:

  • Since Level 3a is defined by the change in declarative knowledge, data should be collected before and after the educational intervention. If statistical approaches are being applied, one should understand the limitations of such approaches.
  • Note: there are well-established best practices for the construction and deliver of assessment questions, for this reason it is the suggestion of the OSP Steering Team that questions should be developed in accordance with National Board of Medical Examiner guidelines.